The course of Biblical Archaeology introduces into the world of the human past giving notions of Archaeology in general and of Biblical Archaeology in particular. This course considers a chronology and a vision of the Stone and Metal Ages, studies archaeological methodology and shows in special manner the themes of human habitation, development, cities, monuments (both sacred and profane), the site of Qumran and Jewish and Christian Archaeology. For their importance, the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and the Holy Shroud of Turin will be also studied.
Course Outline: 1. Archaeology in general. Human Past. 2. Biblical Archaeology. 3. Stone and Metal Ages. Chronology and study. 4. Archaeological methodology. Archaeological basic notions. 5. History of Archaeology in Holy Land. 6. Human habitation, Villages and cities, Walls and gates, Ancient water systems, Monuments. 7. Sacred sites: high places, temples, tombs, synagogues, mikvaoth. 8. Profane buildings: baths, theatre, amphitheatre, nymphaea, circus, odeon. 9. Qumran. History and importance. Documents. 10. Jewish Archaeology. 11. Christian Archaeology. 12. The Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. 13. The Holy Shroud of Turin. Learning Outcomes: - Through this course the students will demonstrate in writing the strengthening of their understanding of the historicity of the Gospels. - After the first month of lessons, there will be a mid-term examination about the already studied matter.
AHARONI Y., The Archaeology of the Land of Israel (England, SCM Press 1983); AVIGAD N., Discovering Jerusalem (Nashville, Blackwell Publishers 1983); FINKELSTEIN I.-SILBERMAN N.A., David and Solomon (London, Simon and Schuster Ltd, 2007); FINKELSTEIN I.-SILBERMAN N.A., The Bible unearthed (New York, Touchstone 2002); GONZÁLEZ ECHEGARAY J., Pisando tus umbrales, Jerusalén (Estella, Verbo Divino 2005); HOPPE L.J., What are they saying about Archaeology? (Mahwah, Paulist Press 1984); KENYON K., The Bible and recent Archeology (London, British Museum Press 1987); LOFFREDA S., Holy Land Pottery at the time of Jesus (Illnois, Franciscan Press 2004); MILLARD A., Archeologia e Bibbia (Torino, Sao Paolo 1988); MILLARD A., Archeologia e Vangeli (Edited by G. Ravasi) (Torino, San Paolo 1992); MURPHY-O’CONNOR J., The Holy Land. An Oxford Archaeological Guide (Oxford, Oxford University Press 2008); PRICE C., Dead Sea Scrolls (California, Rose Publishing 2005); RITMEYER L., The Quest: Revealing the Temple Mount in Jerusalem (Jerusalem, Carta 2007); STERN E. (ed.)., The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, 4 vol. (London, Macmillan 1993); VERNET J.M., Sindone: Itinerario Geografico e Storico (Roma LAS 2017); ZVI’S,YAD B., Jerusalem a walk through time (Jerusalem, Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi 2006).