To introduce the students to a careful reading of the texts, sensitive to historical-critical analysis (who wrote the text, for whom, when and why), but focused on a theological understanding of the text that is sensitive to its literary composition. This careful reading will not ignore that it must serve as a resource for the student when preparing homilies in their lives as priests and pastors.
A. Books of Wisdom. 1) General introduction to the tradition of biblical wisdom 2) Particular introduction to the Books of Job, Proverbs, Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes (Qohelet), Ecclesiasticus (Ben Sira), Wisdom (author, time of composition, analysis of the message of book, meaning of the book within the entire current of the biblical wisdom). 3) Reading of significant texts and exegesis of passages on "personified" Wisdom. B. Book of Psalms. 1) Introduction to the Psalter (stages of the formation of the Psalter; Psalter as a book; Psalms and poetry; literary genres) 2) Theology of the Psalter in its present structure. Christian reading of the Psalter. 3) Reading of representative psalms of the various literary genres and exegesis of selected psalms.
Crenshaw, James. 2010. Old Testament Wisdom: An Introduction. 3rd Edition. Louisville, Westminster John Knox Press; Murphy, Roland. 2002. The Tree of Life: An Exploration of Biblical Wisdom Literature. 3rd Edition. New York: Doubleday. Perdue, Leo. 2007. Wisdom Literature: A Theological History. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press; von Rad, Gerhard. 1985. Wisdom in Israel. London: SCM Press; Westermann, Claus. 1989. The Living Psalms. Translated by Joshua Porter. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans. Specific updated bibliography for each topic will be indicated during the classes.
Upon completion of the course, students are expected to: Have a greater appreciation of how the Bible functions in the life of the Church; be able to read, analyse and derive the theological and spiritual sense of these Old Testament texts; be able to perceive how the Gospels and entire New Testament are woven from the language of the Old.