Reformation and Confessionalism (1453-1563). The breaking in of diversity. Historical context. Renaissance and Humanism. Luther’s reformation. Martin Luther. The Lutheran churches. John Calvin and Calvinism. The reformation in England. The Catholic reformation. The council of Trent. Conclusion The post-reformation (1563-1648). The other churches. Divided and contested Christianity (1648 – 1789). Introduction: a new Europe of a divided and contested Christianity. The triumph of civil absolutism. Growing revolt against spiritual authority. Christian life in a mundane church. The other churches. General conclusion: ad 1453 – 1789.
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