1.The Theology of Charism in general: meaning in the NT and later theological development; the theological notion of ‘Founder’, and of ‘charism of the Founder’; Lavigerie as ‘Founder’. 2. A historical survey of major Founders and a typology of different ‘kinds’ of foundation, from earliest times through to today; the different Missionary Congregations founded in the 19th and 20th Centuries as a sub-category within this typology – the specificity of each and the influence of the context in which they were founded; the distinction between Religious Orders and Societies of Apostolic Life; situating the Society of the Missionaries of Africa within this general typology / framework, and bringing out its identity by comparing it with other similar or dissimilar institutes. 3. Foundational texts and events at the beginning of the Society: the provisional Constitutions of 1869 and the more definitive Constitutions of 1872; the first three novice masters, the early controversy over vows and the option for ‘mission-centeredness’; subsequent editions of the Constitutions during the Founder’s lifetime, especially those of 1878, with its resolution of the controversy over accepting St Anne’s in Jerusalem; the Directory of 1881; the ‘spirit’ of the Society, and its ‘spirituality’; the name(s) of the Society and their implications; the Founder for today, and tomorrow.
A Bibliography will be given at the time of the course.