Corso
Elenco corsi a.a. 2013/2014
Anno accademico 2013/2014

Storia e archeologia biblica RA0102

5 ECTS
Docente
Sede di Gerusalemme
Primo semestre

FINALITÀ

The course of Biblical Archaeology introduces into the world of the human past giving notions of Archaeology in general and of Biblical Archaeology in particular. This course considers a chronology and a vision of the Stone and Metal Ages, studies archaeological methodology and shows in special manner the themes of human habitation, development, cities, monuments (both sacred and profane), the site of Qumran and Jewish and Christian Archaeology. For their importance, the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and the Holy Shroud of Turin will be also studied. Through this topic the students will strengthen their understanding of the historicity of the Gospels. After the first month of lessons, there will be a free partial or mid-term examination about the already studied matter.

ARGOMENTI

Archaeology in general. Human Past. Biblical Archaeology. Stone and Metal Ages. Chronology and study. Archaeological methodology. Archaeological basic notions. History of Archaeology in Holy Land. Human habitation. Villages and cities. Walls and gates. Ancient water systems. Monuments. Sacred sites: high places, temples, tombs, synagogues, mikvaoth. Profane buildings: baths, theatre, amphitheatre, nymphaea, circus, odeon. Qumran: history, importance and documents. Jewish Archaeology. Christian Archaeology. The Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. The Holy Shroud of Turin. Programme New Testament History: Introduction. History of New Testament. Literary Sources: Jewish, Greco-Roman and Christian sources. Flavius Joseph. Life. Diplomatic Mission. War. Literary activity. Critical judgment. Chronology of the history of the New Testament. Chronology of antiquity. Hasmoneans. Government and expansion. Principal figures. Parties. Roman conquest. Pompey the Great. Roman policy in Palestine: Pompey’s decrees. Antipater. Herod the Great. Life and personality. Policy. Economy. Works and buildings. Temple of Jerusalem: History. The building. Herod’s family mentioned in the New Testament. Roman government in Palestine. Roman Procurators. Political, cultural and social situation of Palestine at the time of the New Testament: Judaism. Hellenism. Roman Empire. Jewish world in Palestine: privileges of the Jews. Economic Situation of Palestine. Life and expansion of the Church. First Jewish revolt against Rome: 66-74 AD. Tragic end. Military campaign in Galilee. Fate of Jerusalem. Second Jewish revolt against Rome: 132 - 135 AD. New wars. Simon Bar Kochba. Hadrian’s decrees.

TESTI

Professor’s notes. AHARONI Y., The Archeology of the Land of Israel (Philadelphia, 1976); MILLARD A., Archeologia e Bibbia (Torino, 1988); ID. Archeologia e Vangeli (Torino,1992); PRICE C., Dead Sea Scrolls? (1996); KENYON K. The Bible and recent Archeology (London, 1987); AVIGAD N. Discovering Jerusalem (Nashville, 1983); HOPPE LESLIE J., What are they saying about Biblical Archaeology? (New York, Paulist press 1984); STERN E.A.-LEWINSON-GILBOA-AVIRAM J.. The New Encyclopaedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, 5 vols (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society 1993); FINKELSTEIN I.-SILBERMAN N.A., The Bible unearthed: Archaeology's new vision of ancient Israel and the origin of its Sacred Texts (New York, Simon and Schuster 2002); ID., David and Solomon: in search of the Bible's sacred kings and the roots of the Western tradition (New York, Free press 2006); LOFFREDA S., Holy Land Pottery at the time of Jesus: Early Roman period 63 BC - 70 AD (Jerusalem, Franciscan printing press 2003); ECHEGARAY J.G., Pisando tus umbrales, Jerusalén (Estella 2005); MURPHY-O’CONNOR J., The Holy Land: An Oxford archaeological guide from earliest times to 1700 (Oxford, Oxford University press 2008); BEN-ZVI YAD., Jerusalem a walk through time (Jerusalem, 2006); RITMEYER L., The Quest (Jerusalem, Carta 2006). Bibliography New Testament History: Introduction. History of New Testament. Literary Sources: Jewish, Greco-Roman and Christian sources. Flavius Joseph. Life. Diplomatic Mission. War. Literary activity. Critical judgment. Chronology of the history of the New Testament. Chronology of antiquity. Hasmoneans. Government and expansion. Principal figures. Parties. Roman conquest. Pompey the Great. Roman policy in Palestine: Pompey’s decrees. Antipater. Herod the Great. Life and personality. Policy. Economy. Works and buildings. Temple of Jerusalem: History. The building. Herod’s family mentioned in the New Testament. Roman government in Palestine. Roman Procurators. Political, cultural and social situation of Palestine at the time of the New Testament: Judaism. Hellenism. Roman Empire. Jewish world in Palestine: privileges of the Jews. Economic Situation of Palestine. Life and expansion of the Church. First Jewish revolt against Rome: 66-74 AD. Tragic end. Military campaign in Galilee. Fate of Jerusalem. Second Jewish revolt against Rome: 132 - 135 AD. New wars. Simon Bar Kochba. Hadrian’s decrees.

NOTE

New Testament History: The course of New Testament History introduces into the world of the New Testament time, from 134 BC until 135 AD. After an introduction about the meaning of the History of the New Testament and a presentation of the main Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, the course will deal with Chronology, the Hasmoneans dynasty, the Roman Conquest of Judea, Herod the Great and his family, the political, social, religious and cultural situation of Palestine during the life of Jesus and the first generations of the Christian Church until the second revolt of the Jews against Rome (135 AD). Through this topic the students will have a suitable understanding of the time of Jesus with the knowledge of the most important events and people, that will allow them to understand better the life of Christ and the gospels. After the first month of lessons, there will be a free partial or mid-term examination about the already studied matter.