To introduce students to a systematic and comprehensive way to the basic knowledge of liturgy in relationship to Salvation History and according to Sacrosanctum Concilium. To familiarize them with contemporary models of perceiving the ritual life of Christian worship as a commemoration, celebration and life of the Paschal Mystery. To lead the students to the understanding of the liturgy as a sacramental experience of God’s saving events accomplished in Christ and now effective in the Church today; To deepen a personal and communitarian liturgical-theological spirituality that enables the students to experience or live out the mysteries of Jesus Christ as they animate the liturgical celebrations within their own lives, communities and parishes.
Etymology, meaning and definition of liturgy and sacraments. Spirit of liturgy. Liturgy in the Old and New Testament contexts. Development of liturgy and sacraments from the early Church to modern times. Liturgical Movement. Liturgical vision of the Vatican II in Sacrosanctum Concilium. Liturgical Books. Various elements of liturgy and sacraments. Lex orandi, lex credenda. Liturgy and sacraments as human-divine encounter. Purpose and value of rites. Liturgical signs, symbols and laws. Liturgical inculturation. Theology of liturgy and sacraments. Liturgical-sacramental ars celebrandi et vivendi.
Textbooks: Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments. General Instructions of the Roman Missal. For use with particular adaptations in the Dioceses of the United States of America. Washington: USCCB, 2011 (the GIRM can be digitally consulted); Ratzinger, Joseph. The Spirit of the Liturgy. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2000; Vatican Council II. The Basic Sixteen Documents: Constitutions, Decrees, Declarations: A Completely Revised Translation in Inclusive Language. Edited by Austin Flannery. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 2014. Bibliography: Adam, Adolf. Foundations of Liturgy: An Introduction to Its History and Practice. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1992; Bradshaw, Paul, ed. New Westminster Dictionary of Liturgy and Worship. Louisville: Westminster, 2003; Bradshaw, Paul. Early Christian Worship: A Basic Introduction to Ideas and Practice. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 2011; Bradshaw, Paul. Reconstructing Early Christian Worship. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 2011; Bradshaw, Paul. The Search for the Origins of Christian Worship: Sources and Methods for the Study of Early liturgy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002; Cheslyn, Jones, Geoffrey Wainwright, Edward Yarnold, and Paul Bradshaw, eds. The Study of liturgy. Revised Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992; Chupungco, Anscar, ed. Handbook for Liturgical Studies. Collegeville: Pueblo, 2000; Crichton, James. The Church’s Worship: Considerations on the Liturgical Constitution of the Second Vatican Council. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1964; Deiss, Lucien. Springtime of the liturgy. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1987; Elliott, J. Peter. Ceremonies explained to Servers according to the Roman Rite. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2019; Ettorri, Joseph. Liturgy and Sacramental Theology. Nairobi: CUEA, 2006; Fink, Peter, ed. A New Dictionary of Sacramental Theology. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1990; Lang, Bernhard. Sacred Games: A History of Christian Worship. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997; Lee, Bernard, ed. Alternative Futures for Worship. 7 vols. Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1987; Martimort, Aimé, ed. The Church at Prayer. Vol. 1, Principle of the liturgy. London: Chapman, 1987; Martinez, German. Signs of Freedom. Theology of the Christian Sacraments. New York: Paulist Press, 2003; Martos, Joseph. 2001. Doors to the Sacred: A Historical Introduction to Sacraments in the Catholic Church. Tarrytown: Triumph Books; Metzger, Marcel. History of the liturgy: The Major Stages. Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1997; Searle, Mark. Liturgy Made Simple. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1981; Senn, Frank. The People’s Work: A Social History of the liturgy. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 2006; Smolarski, Dennis. Sacred Mysteries: Sacramental Principles and Liturgical Practice. New York: Paulist Press, 1995; Stringer, Martin. A Sociological History of Christian Worship. Cambridge: University Press, 2005; Wanjala, Moses. Foretaste of the Heavenly liturgy: Commemorating, Celebrating and Living: An Anthropological, Theological and Liturgical Reflection on African Sub-Saharan Music through Saint Augustine and Sacrosanctum Concilium. Jerusalem: STS Publications, 2015; Wegman, Herman. Christian Worship in East and West: A Study Guide to Liturgical History. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1985; White, James. A Brief History of Christian Worship. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1993; White, James. Documents of Christian Worship: Descriptive and Interpretative Sources. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1992; White, James. Roman Catholic Worship: Trent to Today. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 2003.
Upon completion of the course, students are expected to understand liturgy as a locus theologicus; comprehend the basic theological roots and historical development of liturgy and sacraments; to explain the role of liturgy and sacraments in life within the context of the Salvation History and the reforms of Vatican II; to acquire familiarity with skills required to animate liturgical-sacramental celebrations within the context of inculturation; to understand the significance of ritual, signs and symbols in the liturgical-sacramental domain; to treasure the liturgical-sacramental ars celebrandi et vivendi.