Reformation and Confessionalism (1453-1563). The breaking in of diversity. Historical context. Renaissance and Humanism. Luther’s reformation. The Lutheran churches. John Calvin and Calvinism. The reformation in England. The Catholic reformation. The council of Trent. Conclusion The post-reformation (1563-1648). Elements of Catholic reform. Elements of counter-reformation. What kind of reformed Catholicism? The other Churches. Divided and contested Christianity (1648- 1789). Introduction: a new Europe of a divided and contested Christianity. The triumph of civil absolutism. Growing revolt against spiritual authority. Christian life in a mundane church. The other churches. General conclusion: ad 1453-1789.
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