This course is designed to assist Students, through the studies of several themes, to acquire a worthy knowledge of the evolution of the past two hundred years of Church History.
Course Outline: Birth of a New Age. Church and State Relationships. Political evolution and its effects: 1789-1914. Age of revolutions (1789-1801), the divorce; Napoleonic Empire (1801-1815), enforced marriage; Restoration (1815-1848) Is good-old-time marriage still possible? Pius IX and the European States (1848-1878), the Church forced into freedom; Struggle of the Church (1878-1914) Is separation ‘the’ solution? The “Roman Question”: from temporal power to spiritual freedom. Separatism, a solution to Church and State relationships? 1914-Present Day. Papacy, a ‘voice in the desert’ (1914-1939); The Church, ‘Leaven in the dough’? (1939-today). The Church in New Relations with Society. The Social Question. Church and the Modern World: The Syllabus; Modernism; Gaudium et Spes. The Life of the Church in the World. Vatican I. The Missions: From foreign missions to Local Churches: Mission and Colonialism; Birth of the ‘Third Church’. Rebirth in England. Church and Churches: The Ecumenical movement. A Renewed Church in and for the World. Vatican II. The “changing” reality of the Church: Laity; Clergy. Some “structural” changes: Curia; Canon Law; New forms of presence. Conclusion. Evaluation of the period 1789-2017. Learning Outcomes: - Students will gain a good sense of the challenges the Church had to face during this period. - They will identify the different elements of the new awareness the Church acquired about her mission: One Church, in and for the world. - They will discover the origins and development of several questions still very much part of today’s Church. - They will better evaluate the role of Vatican II and its continuing enlightening role in the life of the Church.
AUBERT R. (Ed.), Christian Centuries, Vol. 5 (London, Darton, Longman & Todd 1978); BARRY J. (Ed.), Readings in Church History (Maryland, Christian Classics 1985); BELLITTO C.M., The General Councils: A History of the Twenty-One Church Councils from Nicaea to Vatican II (Mahwah, Paulist Press 2005); BOKENLKOTTER T., A. Concise History of the Catholic Church (Fairfield: Rainbow Books, 2004); COMBY J.-MACCULLOCH D., How to read Church History, Vol. 2 (New York, Crossroads Publishing 1999) Chapters 19-22; DUFFY E., Saints and Sinners (Yale, Yale University Press 2014); GARGAN E.T. (Ed.), Leo XIII and the Modern World (New York 1961); GRIMM H.J., The Reformation Era, 1500-1650 (London, 1973); HEARDER H., Europe in the XIX c (London, Longman 1988); LONGMAN. The General History of Europe (in the paperback edition: Open University Textbook); HOLMES J.D., The Triumph of the Holy See: A Short History of the Papacy in the Nineteenth Century (London 1969); JEDIN H., History of the Church, Vol. 7-10 (New York, Crossroads Publishing 1993); LATOURETTE K.S., History of the Expansion of Christianity, Vol. 4-7 (Charlston, Nabu 2011); MARTINA G., La Chiesa nell’età dell’ assulotismo, liberalismo, totalitarismo, Vol. 3-4 (Brescia, Morcelliana 1978); FORD P.L., Europe: 1780 –1830 (London, Longman 1989); MCMANNERS J., The French Revolution and the Church (London 1969); ROBERTS J., Europe, 1880-1945 (London, Longman 1989).